Costa Maya, Xcalak and Mahahual (Majahual) Visitors pages - Xcalak Flora and Fauna |
Flora and Fauna

The habitation area of the Maya is a mosaic of environments, climates, flora and fauna. A series of geological faults runs through the region and frequent earthquakes in the past have changed the face of the landscape. From windswept meadows on the upper slopes of volcanoes more than 4,000-meters-high, to lowland plains covered with a dense mantle of jungle on the Costa Maya.

For almost 100 million years, the America's developed in isolation, leading to the evolution of endemic life forms; different to those found in neighboring regions. It was also a land bridge between North and South America, and, to this day, temperate and tropical plants and animals from both subcontinents are found in the area.

Conservation mapBotanists have identified around 8,000 species of flowering plants; 600 bird species, more than in all Europe; and approximately 1,200 kinds of butterflies.

In more recent times the increase of inhabitants has put a strain on the flora and fauna. For this reason the government has ordered an increasing amount of protected area's. At this moment approx. 25 % of Quintana Roo is official Protected Natural Area.

There are planned protection area's of approx. 2.31 % of which 117.600 Hectares on the Costa Maya.

The flora and fauna pages contain sounds and video. If necessary, please download latest versions of QuickTime, RealOne Player, or Windows Media.


Ecological organisations:

Centro Ecologico Akumal
Paul Sanchez-Navarro, Director
Apartado Postal #2
Akumal, Quintana Roo
77730, Mexico
Phone / Fax: (984) 875-9095


Click here to go to the Mammels page

Click here to go to the Birds page

Click here to go to the Reptiles page

Click here to go to the Insects page

Click here to go to the Marine Life page

Click here to go to the Plants page