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Garden Botanico "Dr Alfredo Marin Barrier"
Botanical garden Dr Alfredo Marín BarrierBotanical garden Dr Alfredo Marín Barrier, began in 1984, as an answer to the accelerated disturbance that was being made on the vegetation of the state of Quintana Roo, mainly in the North zone. In 1990, with the support of the National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT) and of the Government of the State, it was inaugurated and opened to the public, with the name of the "Dr Alfredo Marín Barrier", in honor to the Mexican scientist, who dedicated great part from his life to the study and rescue the knowledge that is contained in the natural surroundings of the Mayan Yucatan Peninsula.

The garden exists of 60 hectares of natural vegetation, one of greatest of the country. In the garden two types of vegetation can be seen, the medium subperenifolia forest and mangrove. To count on this vegetation in the garden is truly important, since in the two recent decades a large part of grounds of the state, that were covered by the forests, has diminished considerably due to natural phenomena like hurricanes and fires and by the direct action of mankind. Being a natural garden, it also it acts like a refuge for the wild fauna; for that reason it is common to observe iguanas, abundant migratory and resident birds, and troops of spider monkeys.

The objective of the garden is to undertake scientific research on the conservation and advantages of the vegetation resources of the region, fundamentally, the native ones of Quintana Roo. Also the promotion of education and diffusion of vegetal and cultural resources is one of the aims of the garden. And last to foment the recreation and the tourism.

The types of vegetation are medium forest Subperennifolia. It's basic characteristic is that from the 25 to 50 % of it's species lose their leaves during the dry time of the year. Their floristic composition is around 300 species. The vegetation displays two arboreal layers (one superior one of 15 to 25 m, and another inferior one, of up to 10 m), one arbustivo and another herbaceo, made up mainly of young plants of arboreal and trepadoras species. The presence of ligneous trepadoras is well-known.

The most important species of the superior layer are: chicozapote Manilkara zapot ); the Ramon (Brosimum alicastrum), guaya (Talisia olivaeiformis), guayabillo (Myrcianthes fragans), kulimche (Astronium graveolens) and corpulento subul or caracolillo (Mastichodendrom foetidissimum).

In the inferior layer plants excel by their abundance ekulub (lateriflora Drypetes), yaite (gracious Gymnanthes), and the palms chit (radiata Thrinax) and nacax (Cocothrinax readii).

Mangrove
The predominant species of mangrove vegetation is mangle red Rizophora mangle . Its vegetal cover is quite dense.

Epifitario
Plants that live on the trunks and branches on the trees without damaging them, serve to them solely as support. They emphasize in this collection the orquídeas and bromelias.

Succulent
Plants that are characterized by their heavy and fleshy stems, and the majority presents/displays a strong frame of thorns, emphasizes in this collection cactaceous and the agavaceas ones.

Medicinal plants
Plants used traditionally by the man. This collection contains 56 species organized according to the common diseases of the human body as they are: respiratory, digestive, urinary, dermatológicas diseases, among others. As examples we can mention, to the mint, the penny royal, the toronjil, marijuana lemon, the heavy oregano, the robust one, the basil, the belladona, sabila, etc.

Ornamentales plants
This collection still this in formation process, conforms wild and cultivated species that mainly emphasizes by the beauty of their leaves and flowers.

Botanical garden Dr Alfredo Marín Barrier mapIt is an area destined for the investigation and conservation of the flora and fauna resources. In the wild vegetation in its natural conditions can be appreciated. It can be crossed through a footpath of 2 km.

Within the garden, are several Mayan plinths denominated "the Altar", that chronological correspond to the postclasic tardio (1400 D.C.).

In this Area plants of the region propagate, mainly endemic, rare, threatened and in extinction danger. Part of the production is used in gardening and reforestation, and some are sold for the maintenance and operation of the JB.

The wild fauna is diverse and interesting, being frequent the visit of monkey herds spider, also has detected the presence of great felines like the jaguar, puma and ocelote, ademas of other animals like iguanas, snakes, vixens, cereques, hocofaisan, tejones, hormigero bear among others. A great diversity of insects, and abundant migratory and resident birds exists.

Location: Km 320 of federal highway 307 Chetumal-Cancún. Pto. Morelos, Quintana Roo

Postal address:
Botanical garden Dr Alfredo Marín Barrier
Highway Chetumal-Bacalar km 2
Industrial Zone no. 2
Chetumal Quintana Roo
Mexico
POBOX 424, C.P. 77000.
Phone: (987)-100-70 (house)
Fax: (987)-100-71.
President: Biól. Silvia Pech Towers
Email: jcsilva@ecosur-qroo.mx




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